In Sudan drought is increasing because of the climate change. Many smallholders see their income out of acacia tree farming decreasing because of deforestation. They do not earn enough to feed their families.
Fair-Agro-Food introduces agroforestry and agro-economy. We provide seeds and training to the smallholders to grow guar and grains among their trees. Guar is a healthy bean with high fiber and is at the same time a natural fertilizer. This causes the trees to have a higher production and at the same time fertilizes the soil for other crops.
We buy the guar and the grains for a fair price from the smallholders and process it into guar food powder and healthy flour. This gives the smallholders more sources of income and increases food security.
From our benefits 20% is invested in the community as social return. Projects will be initiated concerning water, health and education.
In our planting concept we grow crops between acacia trees and on new land in the dessert we first start with planting acacia trees. Why those acacia trees?
In the dessert you will find worldwide acacia trees of different types. The acacia tree grows the best in a warm and dry climate. The roots are very deep and wide which gives a good basis for water.
With a group of acacia trees a difference can be made in the nature and in the climate. The trees bind carbon, causes particles to react with water vapor resulting in rain and change the wind direction.
The trees are having a major impact on the climate change. Sand remains fixed, more rain is helping nature and temperature will become lower.
This forms a good basis for growing other crops between the trees.
Small holders: The farmer who owns a small piece of land.
Cooperative: Organized groups of farmers.
FNC: Company which maintains the forests in Sudan
Abu Wagdy: Seed breeder providing inputs for farmers
FOGA Joint Venture: Buys and processes gum acacia (link)
Small holders: Small farmers who own and control the land they farm. They produce relatively small volumes on small plots of land. Generally, they are less well-resourced then the big farmers. Market access is very difficult for them. The gum belt in Sudan (the areas where the acacia gum is coming from) has more than 7 million small holders.
Cooperatives: Most small holders are organized in associations or cooperatives. These cooperatives are centered around communities. The cooperatives organize common training and development and acts as representative of the farmers interests to the government. In the gum belt they are called GAPA (Gum Arabic Producers Association).
Forest National Corporation (FNC): The FNC is an independent and self-financing entity in Sudan exercising technical supervision over all forests throughout the country and issuing directives or take measures for protection and management of reserved and unreserved forests across Sudan.
Abu Wagdy: Seed breeding and production. Abu Wagdy has more than 30 years experience in seed breeding and production with many different crops. They are certified for seed breeding and work closely together with the Ministry of Agriculture and several universities.
FOGA Joint Venture: The company for Fair Organic Gum Acacia. Factories in Sudan buy the gum from farmers and process it. They are in close contact with farmers and associations returning benefits to the society, gum sector and gum belt. They use fair trade principles through all the organization. Since 2014 they started training small holder farmers to improve the quality and production of the acacia gum.
With lots of proven international experience we are hands-on in managing the business. All of us believe in our social responsibility returning benefits to the start of chain.
Martijn is a social entrepeneur always looking for future improvements. He is experienced in managing teams and organizations.
Elemam has always good ideas about innovations in agriculture systems. He has a long experience in research and development of the agriculture in Sudan.
Abdelrahman has his background in economy for developing rural areas and business administration. He is the expert in the field of gum acacia, related small holders, issues and opportunities.
Merghani is expert in agriculture seed technology. He has a long experience in the field of seed breeding for several crops. He is responsible for providing the inputs and the services to the small holders.
Our implementation focus is to grow in the three main states of the gum belt in Sudan: Darfur, Kordofan and Blue-Nile. Yearly farmers apply for our program. Selection is based on certain criteria.